A bit about the thinking bits
The human brain weighs about 1,400 grams and is estimated to contain around 100 billion neurons (nerve cells), each merging off and connecting to another 10,000 branching networks throughout your body and mind. It is these neurons that form communication pathways through your body, allowing you to move your arms, count numbers and learn new skills.
The brain and the spinal cord comprise the central nervous system (CNS). Most information transmitted in the CNS is via electrical signals. These signals are generated by various ions, pumps and channels located in the cell membrane. You could think of your brain as one big electrical train going round and round on the track fueled by electricity, with messengers getting off at the various stopping points to deliver the message – the only difference is that a message is sent out in a millisecond.
The gap between one neuron and the next is known as a synapse. The process of conveying messages between neurons is known as neurotransmission, and is carried out by hormones, neuromodulators and neurotransmitters. In order to produce neurotransmitters, neurons use 75% of the total sugar (glucose) and 20% of the oxygen from the blood (meaning they are sugar-hungry machines!).
Ions (such as sodium, potassium and magnesium) are termed electrolytes as they carry an electrical charge. The changes in the electrical charge of a nerve, known as an action potential, are what pass the signal from one nerve to the next. In the same way a power cord passes electricity from a socket to your mobile phone, the movement of ions across a nerve also relays a signal.
Central Nervous System Neurotransmitters
There are about 40 different types of neurotransmitters in the CNS, including:
- Amino Acids: glutamate, aspartate
- Monoamines: noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline, dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT)
- Acetylcholine (Ach)
Acetylcholine (ACh) is the most widely known neurotransmitter, and plays a significant role in cognition, memory, consciousness and motor control.
Memory storage involves two distinct stages: short-term memory and long-term memory. Short-term memory is what lets you look up a telephone number, remember it, dial it, and then never think of it again. The transfer of short-term memory to long-term memory is affected by many factors, including:
Each of these factors is vital to long-term memory, and may be combined to increase the potential for memory formation and retention. You can think of your brain like a muscle – the more you work it the stronger it gets. Unfortunately, just as our muscles get weak, our ability to store and retrieve information declines slowly with age.
Get the facts
Dr Smart Mode of Action
Dr Smart is best consumed 30 minutes before strenuous mind activity (e.g. studying or exams), long hours of work or just simply for everyday mental clarity. Our proprietary formula provides your mind with a calculated blend of ingredients to support neurotransmission, including neurotransmitters such as glutamate and aspartate, and natural precursors that assist with the formation of acetylcholine. Dr Smart also contains glutathione (GSH) precursors, which help neutralize free radicals that can damage those brain cells that are hard at work. This beverage is designed to fire up your neuro-networks and sustain your energy release, supporting your work output, optimizing your endurance in long hours of concentration and promoting long term memory potential.
The Dr Smart Start
So you have a long shift, study night, overtime or simply want clarity?
Stay away from pre-processed sugars, don’t eat big meals, give antioxidants (including glutathione!) some love, to help your brain is work intensely, 24 hours a day even when you’re dreaming. The big storm cloud of thoughts, ideas, reactions and feelings all need fuel for lightning and electricity, so exercise your mind and appreciate the endless potentials that exist right before your eyes (and behind them in your brain!).